Arab foreign ministers are meeting in Egypt’s capital to discuss a White House plan for ending the Israeli-Palestinian conflict that would grant the Palestinians limited self-rule in parts of the occupied West Bank while allowing Israel to annex all its settlements there and keep nearly all of east Jerusalem.
- Palestinian leaders hope for a unified rejection of the controversial peace plan
- Trump’s plan promises Jerusalem as the “undivided” capital of Israel
- Some Arab governments close to the US are ambivalent about the proposal
The meeting at the Arab League headquarters in Cairo was requested by the Palestinians, who responded angrily to the US deal.
President Mahmoud Abbas, who said “a thousand noes” to the proposal, is planning to attend the gathering.
He said the Palestinians remain committed to ending the Israeli occupation and establishing a state with its capital in east Jerusalem.
The Arab League’s head, Ahmed Aboul-Gheit, said on Wednesday that an initial study of the plan’s political framework showed it “ignored legitimate Palestinian rights in the territories”.
He said the Palestinian response would be key in shaping a “collective Arab position” on the plan, which he noted was a “non-binding US vision”.
Majdi al-Khaldi, a diplomatic adviser to Mr Abbas, said the meeting aims at issuing a “clear declaration” rejecting the deal.
Mr Al-Khaldi, who accompanies Mr Abbas on his trips to world capitals, said the Palestinian leader would meet with Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi to discuss measures to “protect the Palestinian people’s rights”.
There has been no immediate comment from US or Israeli officials.
Trump’s plan for peace
It would allow Israel to annex all its West Bank settlements — which the Palestinians and most of the international community view as illegal — as well as the Jordan Valley, which accounts for roughly a fourth of the West Bank.
In return, the Palestinians would be granted statehood in Gaza, scattered chunks of the West Bank and some neighbourhoods on the outskirts of Jerusalem, all linked together by a new network of roads, bridges and tunnels.
Israel would control the state’s borders and airspace and maintain overall security authority.
Critics of the plan say this would rob Palestinian statehood of any meaning.
The plan would abolish the right of return for Palestinian refugees displaced by the 1948 war and their descendants, a key Palestinian demand.
The entire agreement would be contingent on Gaza’s Hamas rulers and other armed groups disarming, something they have always adamantly rejected.
Ambivalent response from Arab leaders
Ambassadors from the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Oman attended the Tuesday unveiling in Washington, in a tacit sign of support for the US initiative.
Saudi Arabia and Egypt, Arab states that are close US allies, said they appreciated Mr Trump’s efforts and called for renewed negotiations without commenting on the plan’s content.
In a statement, Egypt urged Israelis and Palestinians to “carefully study” the plan.
It said it favours a solution that restores all the “legitimate rights” of the Palestinian people through establishing an “independent and sovereign state on the occupied Palestinian territories”.
The Egyptian statement did not mention the long-held Arab demand of east Jerusalem as a capital to the future Palestinian state, as Cairo usually has its statements related to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict
Jordan, meanwhile, warned against any Israeli “annexation of Palestinian lands” and reaffirmed its commitment to the creation of a Palestinian state along the 1967 lines, which would include all the West Bank and Israeli-annexed east Jerusalem.
Jordan and Egypt are the only two Arab countries that have peace treaties with Israel.